Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms that affect the digestive system often causing excessive gas, abdominal pain, and cramps. It is a functional GI disorder that involves how the gut and brain work together. It is estimated that 10 – 15% of adults have IBS.
Depending on symptoms, medical history, and other factors, providers may recommend a flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to examine the colon in more detail. While no specific therapy works for everyone, most people with IBS can find a treatment that works for them. Typical treatment options include dietary and lifestyle changes that include increasing fiber and water consumption, avoiding caffeine, limiting milk products, increasing activity, and not smoking.
Medications, and in some cases, cognitive behavioral therapy and biofeedback, are also added to the treatment plan.